The word Marma comes from the Sanskrit root, ‘Mru’, ‘Marane’ and it pertains to a location of essential importance in the torso which if injured , leads to serious consequences, or death eventually. In historic Vedic times, marma factors were called bindu – a dot, key dot or mystic point. Just like a door or pathway, activating a marma point opens in to the internal pharmacy of the body.
Jeevasthananthu marmasyath. (Rajanighantu)
Susruta defines the Marma as a location where mamsa,sira,snayu,asthi and sandhi can be found.Dalhana opines that in a Marma ,all these constructions should find a location and the name of the marma depends upon the predominant framework out of the. The Marma will be the places for soma(kapha),Maruta(vayu),and tejas(pitta) representing three dosha , rajas, satva and tamas, the three gunas and the bhootatma. Therefore problems for the Marmas leads to loss of life.
Taking into consideration the origin and practical utility of Marma , Charaka provides great importance to the three marma namely Vasti ,Hridaya and sira out of 107 marmas and for that reason contained in the ten Pranayatanams. Surgically it is of more useful use , because of the fact that problems for the Marmas ,may lead to loss of life immediately or later by problems or result in deformity of a specific area of the body.accidental injuries of the equally severe character somewhere else in the torso do not need to necessarily prove fatal , provided the marmas in these right parts are intact. Cosmetic surgeons of historic india laid down the guideline that in an instance of medical procedures , the problem and the dimension of every marma should be studied well and the incision for procedure should be produced so a to avoid even the advantage of the marma . Hence all the marmasathana should be avoided in all surgical operations carefully.
Also, particular bhutha are predominating specifically marmas and prognosis of the injured marma depends upon the type of the predominant bhuta. The marma are classidied into 5 tyoes acc. To prognosis.
Marma Vigyan is an extremely extensive research and useful specifically types of trauma at different factors of body as well incidents occurring during various surgeries, removal of varied types of foreign bodies from various areas of body , warfare wounds , attacks of wild animals during those days and also the various problems of panchkarma therapy . the essential od marma vigyana as elaborated by sushruta was to avoid vaidya pramada during surgery .
In modern surgey , the incisions are used taking into consideration the nerve and blood circulation . although there is absolutely no direct considered marma sharer in modern surgery , every attempt is made even today to avoid essential and dangerous areas by modern surgeons also ;otherwise many problems occur in the present era also if due precautions are not taken. it is important to never have only the structural knowledge or morphological information on the marma factors but the understanding of minute information on gross and microscopic anatomy are also necessary to became a good doctor.
Marma sharira is dependant on the clinical experience. If marma sharira is explored further there would be likelihood of more success .marma sharira is also worried about the pranas , treatment methods and surgery aside from traumatology.
Marmavigyan may be useful while executing the karma like agnikarma and analysis of possible stress.
Understanding of marma vigyan pays to in clinical practice . Serious attention should get to a moderate problems for sadyopranahar marma .
Marma chikitsa is extremely popular in many places as a normal skill. But as a normal skill it does not have any scientific explanation in back of it which is limited by some traumatic lesions of muscles and bones.
Marma therapy is an important tool for avoiding and treating imbalances in Ayurveda. Treatment is situated based on the unique needs of the patients.
Marma therapy amounts the doshas, increase digestive open fire, detoxification, lowering ama, promote rejuvenation and energy.
Theraputic touch is utilized to take care of marma points. While laying on the therapeutic massage table, or seated in an appropriate chair, very pressure gently, like acupressure, can be used on the marma factors.
Massaging marma factors is frequently done together with a partial or full abhyanga, Ayurvedic massage.
Essential oils and/or transdermal herbalized oils are the primary options for treating the marma points. Essential natural oils are impressive in altering our energy. Marmas are anointed with organic restorative grade aromatic natural oils, natural oils being specific to each location and condition. Marmas, being focused centers of energy, essential natural oils can penetrate easily and deeply, affecting the whole body.
The panchamahabuta and prana at the marma site can be used before treating the organ associated and near tha marma . snehan therapy like kati vasti is quite helpful for disease of the organs around nabhi. Every rujakara marma when injured require long-term immobilization. Every marmaabhigata requires long treatment with rasayana, ropan and home treatment management.
Marma chikitsa can be utilized in the next ways-
- A) To take care of the diseases of nerves and brain.
- B) In traumatic neurological or neuro operative lesions, traumatic paraplegia, monoplegia and hemiplegia.
- C) In orthopaedic lesions, prolapsed inter vertebral disc etc especially.
- D) To lessen the pain of nerves, muscles, ligaments, joints and bones, Particularly best for framework problems and arthritis.
- E) To enhance the function of body organs by attaining homeostasis.
- F) To activate the mal-developed or deformed areas of the body or musculature.
- G) Amounts doshas,Raises digestive fire, enhancing digestive function, Reduces ama (poisons).
Article Wrote By: Dr Ankur Kumar Tanwar- Research Associate, Govt of NCT Delhi
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